Our very own age old Millets are becoming so popular these days. Why??
They were always born Magical but people have started considering it important now.
So let us first under stand about these Magical Millets.
Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for human food and as fodder.
In India, millets have been mentioned in some of the oldest Yajurveda texts, identifying foxtail millet (priyangava), Barnyard millet (aanava) and black finger millet (shyaamaka), thus indicating that millet consumption was very common, pre-dating to the Indian Bronze Age (4,500B.C.)
But than what happened? Why were they lost? The reason is invasion of west so called modernisation, urbanization, industrialisation and too much consumption of refined food with more self life lead to the downfall of these millet magic.
People started considered them as poor mans food.Irrespective of its benefits.
Though better late than never. We so called urban people thought of millets being very primitive have now started going back to our roots to reap the benefits of food and life.
1. Due to its high resistance against harsh conditions.
2. They are sustainable to the environment, and to the farmer growing it.
3. It provides cheap and high nutrient options for all.
Nearly 40 percent of the food produced in India is wasted every year.. Millets do not get destroyed easily, and some of them are good for consumption even after 10-12 years of growing, thus providing food security, and playing an important role in keeping a check on food wastage.
Types of Millets :
1. Jowar (Sorghum): Sorghum is commonly known as Jowar in India. Traditionally, jowar was used as a grain to make flat breads/ roti’s.
2. Ragi (Finger Millet): Ragi is used as a healthy substitute for rice and wheat.
3. Kokum/Kangni (Foxtail millet): Foxtail millet has healthy blood sugar balancing carbohydrates, and it is popularly available in the form of semolina and rice flour.
4. Bajra (Pearl millet): Bajra is known for its umpteen health benefits.
5. Sanwa(Barnyard millet) : This nutrient dense millet has high fiber content, which can effectively help in losing weight.
6.Chena(Proso/Broomcorn millet): In India is has been a commonly bird feed.
7. Moraiyo/ Kutki/ Shavan/ Sama(Little millet): It is a part of many traditional dishes in south India. What’s more, more than anything its high fiber content makes it a healthy replacement for rice.
8. Rajgira/Ram dana/Chola (Amaranth): Amaranth has a great protein content.
9. Kuttu (Buckwheat): Whole-grain buckwheat can be very helpful in weight loss.
10. Kodon (Kodu millet): It is very easy to digest.
BENEFITS OF MILLETS :
It is rich in several beneficial nutrients such as phosphorus, magnesium, copper, manganese, and so on
Like most cereals, it is a starchy grain — meaning that it’s rich in carbs. But it is rich in nutrients too
One cup (174 grams) of cooked millet has
Carbs: 41 grams
Fiber: 2.2 grams
Protein: 6 grams
Fat: 1.7 grams
Phosphorus: 25% of the Daily Value (DV)
Magnesium: 19% of the DV
Folate: 8% of the DV
Iron: 6% of the DV
Millet provides more essential amino acids than most other cereals
- Helps in weightloss: Since its calorie count is low. It help in weight loss.
- Aids fitness enthusiast’s: Because of its satiety value it is popular among fitness freaks.It keeps the stomach full throughout the day. It is rich source of minerals too.
- With 9 grams of fiber per 100-gram serving, it supports healthy and regular digestion.
- Helps in building Immunity: It provide a great source of protein and can help build and strengthen our immunity. The stronger our immunity, the less disease-prone we will be to diseases.
- Helps Diabetics too: Its Glycemic index is low so it helps in maintaining low blood sugar levels.
Its benefits are much more. It has multiple advantages over other crops, including drought and pest resistance. It’s also able to survive in harsh conditions. Considered an ancient grain, it’s used both for human consumption and livestock and bird feed